Edinburgh (and in particular its city centre) is a very compact city, which means that you can often get from place to place on foot. Having said that, it is also rather hilly and prone to variable weather, so you might want to consider some other options.
The bus is by far the cheapest mode of transport and Edinburgh is lucky enough to have an efficient and widespread local bus network. The flat-rate bus fares are £1.40 (70p for children) for single tickets, and £3.50 (£2.40) for unlimited daily bus transport.
Chances are the bus will be the first form of transport you encounter after you arrive at Edinburgh Airport - there's an Airlink service that costs £3.50 (£2 for children) for a single or £6 (£3 for children) for a 6 month open return. Read more on our bus networks here.
Meanwhile, a replacement for the airlink network is being completed. The new tram service, which will run from Leith to the airport via the town centre, is due to commence in 2014. Whilst construction is underway, many bus routes and roads will be effected. Read more on the trams here.
If you are looking for a more personal and door-to-door service, then why not take a ride in the beloved black cab. Taxis in Edinburgh are plentiful and are not too expensive. Alternatively, during the summer months, you can flag down a rickshaw instead for a more romantic journey for two. Read more on our taxis here.
For journeys further afield, you should consider our railways, which connect to every major city in the country. London can be reached in under 4 hours and 30 minutes. Alternately, if you head up north by the West Highland Line to Mallaig and Skye - voted top rail journey in the world - the trains will take you through the highlands and across the Glenfinnan Viaduct, recently seen as the route for the Hogwarts Express in the Harry Potter films. Read more on the railways here.
Finally, if you're wishing for a little more freedom, and possibly want to get out into the rural areas, highlands and further, car hire might be the option best suited for you. Cars can be hired in advance of your journey, or requisitioned whilst you are here. Read more about hiring a car here.